top of page

4 Types of Wildlife Encounters in Turks and Caicos: Exploring the Biodiversity of this Caribbean Gem

Turks and Caicos, a breathtaking archipelago nestled in the Caribbean, is not only renowned for its pristine beaches and azure waters but also for its remarkable biodiversity. As a future UNESCO World Heritage site, our islands are home to a wide range of native land and marine organisms, making this British Overseas Territory a true paradise for wildlife enthusiasts. In this blog post, we will delve into four types of wildlife encounters you can experience in Turks and Caicos, from fascinating land animals to vibrant marine life.

Iguana Island Turks and Caicos
Rock Iguana Pictured at Little Water Cay


One of the most captivating and iconic animals of Turks and Caicos is the indigenous rock iguana. These unique creatures, once roaming all the 40+ islands, are now mainly found on Little Water Cay, also known as Iguana Island. With only about 50,000 left, they are considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Alongside the rock iguana, the islands are also home to a variety of smaller native reptiles, including curly-tail lizards, anoles, geckos, and skinks. To learn more about the rock iguana and how to safely interact with them, check out our informative article below.

Birdwatching turks and caicos
Heron Spotted off the Coast of Grace Bay


Birds of the TCI: Turks and Caicos boasts over 200 species of birds, offering birdwatching enthusiasts a diverse array of sightings. Two rare species, the green heron and the cattle egret, add to the excitement of birdwatching in the archipelago. While beaches, coves, and tide pools provide opportunities to spot interesting bird species, the wetlands, such as marshes and mangrove forests, offer a chance to observe more unique creatures like the West Indian whistling duck and the mangrove cuckoo. To access these off-the-beaten-track locations, we recommend noiseless, compact vehicles or watercraft such as stand-up paddleboards, kayaks, or jetski charters, which provide the flexibility to explore different areas swiftly.


The turquoise waters surrounding Turks and Caicos are teeming with an abundance of marine life, making it a a dream come true for avid snorkelers and divers. From majestic sharks and barracudas to graceful sea turtles and colorful coral reefs, there is an incredible diversity waiting to be discovered. The barrier reefs are particularly rich in marine species, offering encounters with vibrant fish, stingrays, coral, conch, sponges, and more. Dolphins like Jojo and Dreamer are often spotted playing in the shallow reefs around Providenciales. Embark on a jetski adventure to reach these barrier reefs, and once there, anchor your watercraft, grab your snorkeling gear, and dive into a world of underwater wonders.

Lemon shark turks and caicos


Contrary to popular misconceptions, sharks play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy Caribbean ecosystem and pose minimal risk to visitors. In Turks and Caicos, lemon sharks, nurse sharks, and grey sharks are commonly found in wetlands and barrier reefs, and they are generally small and harmless. Observing these magnificent creatures in their natural habitats can be an incredible experience. Locations such as Princess Alexandra Nature Reserve, French Cay, West Caicos Marine National Park, and Bottle Creek Lagoon offer opportunities to encounter sharks. When embarking on Hydro Charters tours, rest assured that our experienced guides will prioritize your safety. Whether you wish to observe sharks up close or prefer to keep a distance, your preferences will be respected–after all, the customer is always right!

Humpback whale watching turks and caicos

If you're fortunate enough to visit between November and April, Turks and Caicos also offers fantastic humpback whale watching opportunities. While pilot whales and Atlantic bottlenose dolphins can be seen year-round, humpback whales make their appearance during these months as they migrate to warmer waters for birthing and mating. The remote and picturesque Salt Cay is renowned as the best spot for whale watching due to its unique ocean topography.

Turks and Caicos truly is a biodiversity hotspot, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the wonders of nature. From encountering the fascinating land animals like the rock iguana to witnessing the vibrant marine life through snorkeling and diving, this Caribbean gem offers unforgettable wildlife experiences. Check out the rest or our articles below for more detailed information on each of these types of wildlife. Whether you explore the pristine beaches, venture into wetlands, or embark on jetski charters, the natural beauty and biodiversity of Turks and Caicos will leave you in awe. Don't miss the opportunity to discover the rich wildlife that calls this archipelago home <3




Explore Our Tour Locations

bottom of page